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How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 (Step by Step)

Description

This article will walk you through setting up the Active Directory Role on a Windows Server 2012 R2. This article is intended to be used for those without an existing Active Directory Forest, it will not cover configuring a server to act as a Domain Controller for an existing Active Directory Forest.


Installing Active Directory

Open the Server Manager from the task bar.

From Server Manager Dashboard select Add roles and features. This will launch the Roles and Features Wizard allowing for modifications to be performed on the Windows Server 2012 R2 instance.

How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 1

 

Then it will load the “Add Role Wizard“, Click next to continueHow to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 2

 

Select Role-based or features-based installation from the Installation Type screen and click Next.

Note: Roles are the major feature sets of the server, such as IIS, and features provide additional functionality for a given role.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 4

 

The current server is selected by default. Click Next to proceed to the Server Roles tab.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 3

 

From the Server Roles page place a check mark in the box next to Active Directory Domain Services. A notice will appear explaining additional roles services or features are also required to install domain services, click Add Features.

Note: There are other options including, Certificate services, federation services, lightweight directory services and rights management. Domain Services is the glue that holds this all together and needs to be installed prior to these other services.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 5

 

Click NextHow to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 6

 

On the “Select Features” Page, Group Policy Management feature automatically installed during the promotion. Click next.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 7

 

Review the information on the AD DS tab and click Next.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 8

 

Review the installation and click Install.

Note: The installation progress will be displayed on the screen. Once installed the AD DS role will be displayed on the ‘Server Manager’ landing page.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 9

 

WaitHow to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 10

 

Once it finish click on “close” to exit from the wizard.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 11

 

Once the AD DS role is installed the server will need to be configured for your domain.

Open the Notifications Pane by selecting the Notifications icon from the top of the Server Manager. From the notification regarding configuring AD DS click Promote this server to a domain controller.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 12

 

From the Deployment Configuration tab select Add a new forest from the radial options menu. Insert your root domain name into the Root domain name field.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 13

 

Review and select a Domain and Forest functional level. Once selected fill in a DSRM password in the provided password fields. The DSRM password is used when booting the Domain Controller into recovery mode.

Note: The selection made here will have lasting effects to features and server domain controller eligibility. For further information on Domain/Forest functional levels see official Microsoft documentation.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 16

 

Review the warning on the DNS Options tab and select Next.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 14

 

Confirm or enter a NetBIOS name and click NextHow to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 15

 

Configure the location of the SYSVOL, Log files, and Database folders and click Next.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 19

 

Review your selectionsHow to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 17

 

Review the configuration options and click Next.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 18

 

The system will check to ensure all necessary prerequistes are installed on the system prior to moving forward. If the system passes these checks you will proceed by clicking Install.

Note: The server will automatically be rebooted once the installation completes.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 20

 

Wait How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 22

 

Once its complete the install it will automatically reboot the server.How to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 24

 

Once the server is booted and you logon to it, click on Server Manager | Tools , will notice that following have been installed:

  • Active Directory Administrative Center
  • Active Directory Domains and Trusts
  • Active Directory Module for Windows PowerShell
  • Active Directory Sites and Services
  • Active Directory Users and Computers
  • ADSI Edit
  • DNS
  • Group Policy ManagementHow to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 - 25
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Abdoulaye WAGUEHow to Install Active Directory on Windows Server 2012 R2 (Step by Step)

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